Basalt is one of the Earth’s most abundant igneous rock, meaning it is formed through the cooling and solidification of magma, found in the 90% of the Earth’s crust. Most Ocean beds are underlain by basalt. It is also found on the moon and even on mars. These fine-grained rocks are characteristically dark in colour (grey to black). It contains 45 to 53 per cent silica and is rich in magnesium and iron.
Basalt has a wide variety of purposes in Architecture and construction projects. In construction it could be used as crushed aggregate for road base, asphalt pavements, railroad blast and many other purposes but it has a long record of being used as a building stone especially throughout the Roman Empire from different architectural projects to stadium seating and even hardscaping as these are highly resistant to abrasion and acid.
Basalt could be made into different dimension stones. These stones are cut into thin slab or blocks and polished to use as floor tiles, monuments, buildings veneers and other projects. It could also be used to make columns, Lumineers, benches and even on the facade.
Basalt comes in different finishing’s including Sawn w/o blade traces, Honed, Polished and Bushhammered. These tiles in different cladding, surfacing and size appeal to the eyes. That’s why this stone could enhance the appearance of the buildings as well as landscaping when combined with other stones to form a unique contrast.